Therapeutic evaluation and rehabilitation at the patient’s home allows the therapist to witness the problems he or she faces while performing their activities. Going in and out of bed, up and down stairs, hygiene and dressing routines or feeding are but examples. By directly observing the patient, the occupational therapist will be better prepared to give counsel on therapies, adaptations or equipment, that will help him regain independence and improve quality of life.
After a careful evaluation of the patient’s occupational profile and of the objectives he or she needs to reach, the occupational therapist draws a therapeutic strategy which is discussed with the patient. Depending on the case, therapy may consist on several kinds of training, both physic and cognitive, that allows the development of the necessary abilities. The occupational therapist will find activities that the patient enjoys and is used to doing, namely games, handicraft and others.
Maintaining remaining capabilities and recovering/stimulating latent capabilities to perform everyday activities in order to promote independence/autonomy.
Stimulation of cognitive components, namely attention, language, reasoning, concentration, memory, planning, organization and space/time orientation.
●Promotion of motor skills
Strategies aiming at the improvement of fine and global motor skills, balance, lateral dominance, movement amplitude, posture, muscular strength and resistance and maintained effort.
● Promotion of sensorial competences
Touch, smell, taste, vision, hearing.
●Appreciation of reminiscences and personal identity
Personal, professional and family values and beliefs, preferences, dislikes, facts.
●Emotional and affective expression competences